Place: Someshwara Beach Temple Mangalore
Location: Someshwar Village, Mangalore-575022
Best Time to Visit: Whole Year
Category: Beaches & IslandsReligious & Pilgrim
Sri Kshetra Someshwara famous sanctum sanctorum of Lord Somanatha is considered as one of the 12 Sacred Shiva Kshetras of Indian continent. It is situated on the bank of Arabian Sea at the Western Ghats of South India 13 Kilometres away from Mangalore. It is called as Rudrapada Kshetra, also and a piligrimage centre for its beautiful scenic spot for viewing the sunset and for its beach. It is also an important temple for perform Shradh and Tarpan rituals dedicated to the dead.
The Temple has been built at an elevated spot in form of fort and it has its own legendary history. It is believed that King Kharasura has built this temple and worshipped lord Somanatha. Kharasura was the relative of Ravana, the demon king and as such the temple is belived to have been existing right from Ramayana period of Tretayuga.
It is also believed that Pandavas of Mahabharata times visited this place and worshipped lord Somanatha. A lake near Somanatha temple is called as “Gadhatirtha” said to have been built by Bhimasena.
Historically it is said to have been built by Kings of Alupa dynasty in the 10th century A.D. The temple was under the Administrative rule of Kadambas of Banavasi and choula kings of Ullala of 12th Century A.D. The two inscriptions found in the temple says that it was renovated in 15th Century A.D. at the time of Vijayanagara King Immadi Devaraya by Rajaguru Shree Kriyashaktri Devavodeya.
The temple is surrounded by Nagabana on its southwest side and has a Udhbhava Naga and there are other temples of lord Siddivinayaka, lord Gopal Krishna, lord Janardhana and Raktheswari.
Lord Somanatha is being worshipped as a family deity of Ombathitha Magane, Gatti samaja people and Basittaya, Karanta and Bhatt families and all the customary pooja rituals are being managed by these communities people. A 5th day Utsava and Rathotsava of lord Somanatha will be held every year during Meenamasa period.
Stone inscriptions at Someshwara Temple
Two stone inscriptions are found in the vicinity of the temple. While one is at the western side Gopura (tower) of the temple another is inscribed on a small stone pillar near Pakashala. They were numbered as 467 and 468 by the Archeology department in 1929 and reported to have been in damaged condition. Several attempts were made to read them by ephigrphies and recently it was found possible to know the details by Sri Umanathashewari, history lecturer of Venkataramanaswamy College Bantwala who could read the same recently.
The first inscription numbered 467 has got 25 lines and said to be written on Monday the Chandrasuddha padya of Dondhibi Samvatsara i.e., an April 1, 1443 A.D. The inscription details that is; “Vijayanagar Empire was ruled by Rajamaharajadhi raja, Rajaparameshwar Immadi Devaraya between 1424 AD to 1446 A.D. At that time his designated Governor sri Triyamakadevaodeya was ruling the Tulu kingdom of Mangalore State. During this period Sri Kriyasakthi Devaodara the Rajaguru of Vijayanagara emperor Immadi Devaraya visited Someshwara on stone inscription. The inscription regulated that the produce of the land and other otherings made by kings of Banga and Chouta dynasty as well as by the Brahmin community be used scruplusly for the continuous pooja sevas of lord Someshwara till sun & moon exists on the earth and utsavas and fairs to be conducted as laid down by the governers as Vijayanagar Empire. It also cautions that any misuse will lead to severe punishment and wishes good to all who obey the reulations.”
The second stone inscription numbered 468 bears only two links the rest of which is completely perished. The two links read as “Saka 1117”, “Swasthi Samastha Bhuvivikyatha”.
Though we could read only there two lines on this inscriptions, it provides a lot of information on the period of this temple construction. The “Saka 1117” reveals that the temple is of more than 791 years old and the other line “Swasthi Samastha Bhuvivikyatha” reveals that it is the title of Alupa King Nalvadi Veerakalasekhara who ruled between Saka 1092 to 1142 i.e, 1195 A.D. As such this line of inscription reveals the fact that the temple was built earlier than the period of Veerakulasekhara i.e., it was built before 1195 A.D.
It is unfortunate that we have no more details inview of the delaminated condition of the inscription. However we can predict that King Veerakulasekhara must have made offerings to Lord Someshwara as a disciple of Shiva. He was known for his bravery by defeating the Pandya Kings of Madhure to protect her kingdom Alvakheda. As described in another inscription of 1205 AD. He has also brought out Gold coins known as Mangalore Gadyanas. As such it is presumed that Alup kings as a disciples and cevotees of Lord Someshwara might have be the great partrons of the temple and worshipping right before 650 AD itself.
Queen Abbaka was the devotee of this temple and she has donated a Boat (Jaladhoni) about 450 years back and it is in the temple and used during Jathra festival.
Someshwara beach is the best and most beautiful beach in Mangalore. The sunset view in Someshwar beach is unforgettable, a feast for the eyes and a favourite for photo lovers. Someshwar beach is spread over a few kms and can be accessed at many places. The first point is near MUDA layout after Summer sands resort. This place has shade trees and offers quiet view of the soothing blue waters. An ideal place for picnic lovers.
The best part of the beach is near the Somanatha temple. This temple is at the hill top and steps lead to the beach underneath. The view from the hill top is enchanting. There are concrete benches on the hill top for beach lovers to relax. The steps are well constructed and unwind to the sea below. There are many huge granite rocks here. One can easily move to the top of these rocks and site on the top, where the waves lashes and is covered by sea on three sides. The sunset view from the top of the rocks is mesmerizing and should not be missed. Cool breeze from the sea kissing the face is an unforgettable experience. Many movies have been shot in this location. But, be careful on the top of the rocks as many people have lost their lives becoming too adventurous.
Mangalore has a hot, humid climate the year around and receives heavy rains for 4 months of the year. The best time to visit is November to February when the humidity is at tolerable levels.
How to reach:
Someshwara is around 13 km from Mangalore and there are frequent buses from the city bustand. Nearest major railway stations are Mangalore Central Railway Station (MAQ) & Mangalore Junction Railway Station (MAJN). Local trains stop at Ullala Railway Station, which is just one km from the temple
Buses ply at regular intervals from Mangalore, Ullal, and Kotekar to the Someshwara Bus Stand. Someshwara Temple & beaches are about half a kilometre from Someshwara bus stand. Autorickshaws are available from these towns and from Mangalore to Someshwara beach. The access road to the beach is rocky and it is advisable to walk down to the beach.
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